15. Massage Parlors
5-15-1: LEGISLATIVE DECLARATION
5-15-3: LICENSE REQUIRED; STATE STATUTES
5-15-4: LICENSE APPLICATION
5-15-7: LICENSE DENIAL, SUSPENSION OR REVOCATION
5-15-8: CHANGE OF LOCATION, TRANSFER OF BUSINESS OR STOCK
5-15-9: IDENTITY CARDS
5-15-10: PROHIBITED ACTS
5-15-1: LEGISLATIVE DECLARATION: (1959) The City Council hereby declares that the operation of massage parlors in this City affects the public health, safety, and welfare and that City regulation of such operation is in the public interest.
5-15-2: DEFINITIONS: (1938 1959 2189 3443 3563) The following words, terms, and phrases, when used in this Chapter, shall have the following meanings, unless the content clearly indicates otherwise:
“License” shall mean a grant of a licensee to operate a massage parlor.
"Licensed Premises” shall mean the premises specified in an approved application for a license under this Chapter that are owned or in the possession of the licensee and within which such licensee is authorized to carry on the practice of massage.
“Location” shall mean a specific parcel of land that may be identified by an address or by other descriptive means.
“Massage Therapy” shall mean a method of treating the body for remedial or hygienic purposes by a massage therapist, including, but not limited to, rubbing, stroking, kneading, or tapping with the hand or an instrument or both.
“Massage Parlor” shall mean a parlor providing massage, but it does not include training rooms of public and private schools accredited by the State Board of Education or approved by the division charged with the responsibility of approving private occupational schools, training rooms of recognized professional or amateur athletic teams, and licensed health care facilities. A facility that is operated for the purpose of massage therapy performed by a massage therapist is not a massage parlor.
“Massage Therapist” shall mean an individual registered by the State of Colorado to engage in the practice of massage therapy pursuant to Title 12, Article 35.5, C.R.S.
“Other Massage Services” shall mean any services that are offered or performed for compensation, and that are advertised or represented as massage or that involve the touching of the body with the purpose of inducing any type of pleasurable or erotic experience by a person who is not licensed pursuant to this Chapter as a massage therapist.
“Party in Interest” shall mean the applicant, a resident of the neighborhood under consideration, or the owner or manager of a business located in the neighborhood under consideration.
“Person” shall mean a natural person, partnership, association, company, corporation, organization, or managing agent, servant, officer, or employee of any of them.
“Premises” shall mean a distinct and definite location that may include a building, a part of a building, a room, or any other definite area contiguous to the building, part of a building or room.
5-15-3: LICENSE REQUIRED; STATE STATUTES: (1959 2189 3443)
(A) It shall be unlawful for any person to operate a massage parlor within the City of Westminster without first obtaining a license therefor pursuant to this Chapter.
(B) The Colorado General Assembly has declared that the licensing and regulation of massage parlors is a matter of statewide concern. All licensing requirements and regulations specified in Article 48.5 of Title 12, C.R.S., shall be complied with in the local licensing process and shall control, in the event that inconsistent requirements are set forth in this Chapter.
(C) The following classes of persons and establishments are exempt from this Chapter:
(1) Physicians, osteopaths, physical therapists, chiropractors licensed to practice in this State.
(2) Registered nurses and licensed practical nurses who are licensed to practice in this State while performing massage therapy services in their usual nursing duties.
(3) Barbers and cosmetologists duly licensed under the laws of this State in the course of practice of their usual and ordinary licensed profession, as defined by State Statute.
(4) Massage therapy practiced at the athletic department of any accredited school, college, university or seminary or in connection with the conduct of professional athletics.
(5) Hospitals, clinics, nursing and convalescent homes and other similar institutions where massage therapy may be used and that are dedicated to medical or nursing practices licensed under State Statutes.
(6) Massage therapy practiced in an institution of learning established for such instruction under Article 59, Title 12, C.R.S.
5-15-4: LICENSE APPLICATION: (1959 2189 3443)
(A) The applicant for a license to operate a massage parlor shall submit a verified application to the City Clerk on forms provided by the City Clerk. The application to operate a massage parlor shall include complete plans and specifications for the interior of the premises to be licensed, a copy of the lease or other evidence of the applicant's right to possession of the premises, information regarding the zoning of the location of the premises, and any other information that is required by State statute.
(B) The application for a license to operate a massage parlor shall be reviewed by the City Manager, who, within ten (l0) days after receipt of the application and after such additional investigation as he may deem necessary, shall schedule a public hearing before the Special Permit and License Board not less than thirty (30) days from the date of the application.
(C) Notice of a hearing on an application for a license to operate a massage parlor shall be mailed to the applicant by the City Clerk not less than ten (10) days before the hearing date. Notice of such public hearing shall also be given by publication in a newspaper of general circulation in the community once, not less than ten (10) days prior to the hearing date, and by posting a notice of hearing upon the premises for at least ten (10) days prior to the hearing. Publication and posting shall be done by the City Clerk.
(1) Notice given by posting shall be placed so as to be conspicuous and plainly visible to the general public and shall include a sign of suitable material, not less than twenty-two inches (22”) wide and twenty-six inches (26”) high, composed of letters not less than one inch in height and stating the type of license applied for, the date of the application, the date of the hearing, the name and address of the applicant, and such other information as may be required to fully apprise the public of the nature of the application. If the applicant is a partnership, the sign shall contain the names and addresses of all partners, and, if the applicant is a corporation, association, or other organization, the sign shall contain the names and addresses of the president, vice-president, secretary, and manager or other managing officers.
(2) Notice given by publication shall contain the same information as that required for signs.
(D) The City Clerk shall propose the boundaries of the neighborhood in writing to the Special Permit and License Board with a copy to the applicant. If a majority of the Board or the applicant disputes the proposed neighborhood boundaries, the issue shall be considered by the Board at a public hearing. A dispute of the boundaries by the applicant must be filed within ten (10) days of the letter notifying the applicant of the boundaries established.
(E) Prior to the public hearing, the City or its designee shall circulate petitions to determine the reasonable requirements of the neighborhood and the desires of the inhabitants regarding the application for a license. The petition form shall be approved by the City.
(F) At least five (5) days prior to the date of the public hearing, the City Clerk shall send the petition and investigation results to the applicant and make them available to other interested parties.
(G) After such public hearing, the Special Permit and License Board shall make findings of fact and a recommendation to the City Council, with or without conditions, that may either grant or deny the license consistent with the findings and recommendation of the Special Permit and License Board, or may schedule the matter for further hearing before the City Council. If such further hearing is held, the City Council may grant or deny the license notwithstanding the recommendation of the Special Permit and License Board. A copy of the decision of the City Council, its findings of facts and conclusions, shall be sent to the applicant by certified mail to the address shown on the application within thirty (30) days after the date of the public hearing.
(H) In determining whether to grant or deny the license, the Special Permit and License Board or the City Council shall consider all factors allowed pursuant to State statutes, including the following:
(1) The number, type, and availability of other massage parlors located near or in the neighborhood;
(2) The character of the applicant or its officers or directors, including information provided by a background check and inspection of the premises made by the Police Department;
(3) The applicant's prior experience, qualifications and fitness to operate such a business;
(4) The reasonable requirements of the neighborhood and the desires of the inhabitants, including any petitions or remonstrances evidencing such requirements and desires;
(5) Pedestrian safety;
(6) Traffic volume and adequacy of parking and access;
(7) Essential character of the neighborhood and the applicant's effect on the peace of the neighborhood;
(8) Compliance of the structure with all applicable zoning and building regulations;
(9) Police activity in comparable businesses; and
(10) Architectural compatibility with the character of the neighborhood.
(I) Any party in interest shall be allowed to present evidence and cross-examine witnesses at the public hearing.
5-15-5: FEES: (1959 2189 3443)
(A) All original applications to operate a massage parlor shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable fee of three hundred and fifty dollars ($350) to defray the cost of reviewing and evaluating the application. The applicant shall also reimburse the City for the actual cost of petitioning.
(B) The nonrefundable fee for renewal of a license to operate a massage parlor shall be one hundred fifty dollars ($150), payable at the time of filing the application for renewal.
5-15-6: RENEWAL: (1959 2189 2754) All licenses issued pursuant to this Chapter shall expire December 31st of the year for which issued, unless cancelled, suspended or revoked, and shall be renewed annually upon application for renewal and payment of the required fees, unless renewal is denied as provided below.
5-15-7: LICENSE DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION: (1959 2574)
(A) A license may be denied, cancelled, denied renewal, suspended or revoked for any violation of the provisions of this Chapter, for any reason set forth in Chapter 1 of this Title, or on the grounds that the health, safety or welfare of the community may be endangered by the continued operation of the licensee, or any of the following:
(1) The issuance would be detrimental to the public health, safety, or welfare, due to the character, reputation, or moral integrity of the applicant;
(2) The character of the applicant or licensee, or its officers, directors, or partners is such that a violation of this Chapter would be likely to result if a license were granted;
(3) The licensed premises have been inactive for at least three (3) months;
(4) Violation by the licensee or by any of its agents, servants, or employees of State law or of this Code; or
(5) For any cause specified by law.
(B) A license may be cancelled, denied renewal, suspended or revoked after the licensee has been given notice and hearing. The notice shall set forth the reasons for the proposed action, in writing, and shall be given by personal delivery to the applicant or mailed to the address contained in the license, postage prepaid, or as provided in Chapter 1 of this Title. Said notice shall be given no less than ten (10) days prior to a hearing to be scheduled before the Special Permit and License Board.
(C) A license may be summarily suspended for no more than thirty (30) days by the City Manager when required for the immediate protection of the public health, safety and welfare. A hearing shall be scheduled as soon as may be reasonably possible.
(D) The Special Permit and License Board shall conduct an appeal of the denial of a new license or a hearing pursuant to the procedures established for hearings in Chapter 1 of this Title. The Special Permit and License Board shall deliver its decision in writing within thirty (30) days.
(E) Decisions of the Special Permit and License Board are final, subject only to appeal to a court of competent jurisdiction.
5-15-8: CHANGE OF LOCATION; TRANSFER OF BUSINESS OR STOCK: (1959 2574)
(A) No change of location for licensed premises shall be allowed.
(B) TRANSFER OF BUSINESS OR STOCK:
(1) Within thirty (30) days after the transfer of ownership of a massage parlor, or of the transfer of ownership of ten percent (10%) or more of a partnership interest or of the capital stock of the corporation, the new owner of the stock or business shall file with the City Clerk a written report of the transfer on forms provided by the City Clerk. The report shall be accompanied by an investigation fee of two hundred and fifty dollars ($250).
(2) Upon receipt of the report of transfer, the City Clerk shall report the transfer to the City Manager, after sufficient investigation by the Police Department, and the City Manager may approve the transfer or, in his sole discretion, refer the matter to the Special Permit and License Board for a public hearing regarding the transfer, at which parties in interest may be heard.
(3) The Special Permit and License Board shall hold the hearing after proper notice is given. Publication, posting and notice requirements shall be the same as are required for a hearing on an original application.
(4) At the hearing, all interested parties may appear and be heard; provided, however, that the Board shall consider only the character of the proposed new owner or owners and whether the new owner or owners comply with all requirements of the Code and State statutes.
5-15-9: IDENTITY CARDS: (1959 2189) Every licensee or agent or employee of the licensee shall, prior to commencing work in or upon the licensed premises, apply for and obtain an identity card from the Westminster Police Department, and shall carry the card at all times while in or upon the licensed premises. The nonrefundable application fee for a card shall be five dollars ($5). The Police Department shall do a background check on the applicant prior to issuance of the card. The card shall be in the form required by the City.
5-15-10: PROHIBITED ACTS: (1959 2189 3443)
(A) It shall be unlawful for any person:
(1) To operate a massage parlor without holding a validly issued license;
(2) To work in or upon the licensed premises of a massage parlor without obtaining and carrying a valid identity card pursuant to Section 5-15-9, W.M.C.;
(3) To render massage therapy services for compensation without valid registration pursuant to Title 12, Article 35.5, C.R.S.;
(4) To perform other massage services within the City;
(5) To obtain the services provided in a massage parlor by misrepresentation of age or by any other method in any place where massage is practiced when such person is under eighteen (18) years of age, unless such person is accompanied by his parent or has a physician's prescription for massage services;
(6) To allow the sale, giving, or procuring of any massage services to any person under the age of eighteen (18) years, unless such person is accompanied by his parent or has a physician's prescription for massage services;
(7) To permit any person under the age of eighteen (18) years to be employed as an employee in a massage parlor. If any person who, in fact, is not eighteen (18) years of age exhibits a fraudulent proof of age, any action relying on such fraudulent proof of age shall not constitute grounds for the revocation or suspension of any license issued under this Chapter, unless the person employing such person knew or should have known that the proof of age was fraudulent.
(8) To fail to display at all times in a prominent place on the licensed premises a printed card with a minimum height of fourteen inches (14”) and a width of eleven inches (11”) with each letter a minimum of one-half inch (1/2”) in height, which shall read as follows:
IT IS ILLEGAL FOR ANY PERSON UNDER EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE TO BE IN OR UPON THESE PREMISES AT ANY TIME, UNLESS HE IS ACCOMPANIED BY HIS PARENT OR HAS A PHYSICIAN'S PRESCRIPTION FOR MASSAGE SERVICES.
IT IS ILLEGAL FOR ANY PERSON TO ALLOW A PERSON UNDER EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE TO BE IN OR UPON THESE PREMISES AT ANY TIME, UNLESS HE IS ACCOMPANIED BY HIS PARENT OR HAS A PHYSICIAN'S PRESCRIPTION FOR MASSAGE SERVICES. FINES OR IMPRISONMENT MAY BE IMPOSED BY THE COURTS FOR VIOLATION OF THESE PROVISIONS UNDER ARTICLE 48.5 OF TITLE 12, COLORADO REVISED STATUTES.
(9) To possess, consume or dispense, or to allow the possession, consumption or dispensation of alcoholic beverages, drugs or narcotics upon the premises. This subparagraph shall not apply to the use of drugs or narcotics that have been prescribed by a licensed physician.
5-15-11: PENALTY: (1959 2000 3443)
(A) It shall be unlawful for any person to violate a provision of this Chapter. A violation of this Chapter shall be a criminal offense. Violators shall be subject to the penalties provided by Section 1-8-1, W.M.C., including imprisonment, and may also be subject to civil remedies provided by Chapter 4 of Title VIII of this Code. A separate offense shall be deemed committed upon each day such person is in violation of this Chapter.
(B) In addition to any other penalties, the court trying such offense may decree that any license issued under the provisions of this Chapter be suspended or revoked and may decree that no such license shall thereafter be issued to any such person for a period not to exceed five (5) years.
(C) The penalties provided in this Section shall not be affected by the penalties provided in any other provision of State or local law, but shall be construed to be in addition to any other penalties.